Expert group meetings discuss progress since last review of SDGs 4, 5, 14, 15 | News | SDG Knowledge Center
In preparation for the in-depth review of SDGs 4 (quality education), 5 (gender equality), 14 (life below water) and 15 (life on land) by the High Level Political Forum on for the Sustainable Development Goals (DSDG) of the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs (DESA), in collaboration with United Nations partners, convened a series of Expert Group Meetings (EGMs) on the review 2022 theme of the HLPF. As each of these SDGs is being reviewed for the second time, the EGMs focused on what has changed since the last review, particularly in relation to the COVID-19 pandemic.
The EGMs also: considered linkages with other SDGs and opportunities to leverage synergies and minimize trade-offs; sharing knowledge on successes, challenges and best practices; areas of concern identified; and suggested ways forward in terms of policies, partnerships and coordinated actions at all levels. Each of the four EGM meetings also addressed cross-cutting issues and means of implementation under SDG 17 (partnerships for the goals), which the HLPF reviews annually.
The AGE on SDG 4organized with the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), meeting in hybrid format in Paris, France, from 17 to 19 May 2022. summary of the meeting notes that even before the pandemic, the world was not on track to meet the SDG 4 targets by 2030, with significant regional variations. It describes the “global education crisis” caused by COVID-19 and highlights calls to “reinvent education to fit the modern world with new platforms for cooperation, new partnerships and shared values”. The document highlights recommended policies and actions to maximize synergies, mitigate trade-offs and drive transformation by:
- Change education systems by: putting technologies at the service of equitable and quality education; better data; take advantage of social innovations; empowering students and young people; build capacity everywhere; and supporting girls and women in education and learning;
- Making education work for equity and sustainability, by: reforming education to build resilience; strengthen education for sustainable development; supporting education for skills development; building trust and building peace through education; and make learning consistent with human rights standards; and
- Leverage mechanisms and partnerships to accelerate progress by building solidarity, supporting national benchmarking, engaging local enabling partners and providing funding for education.
The AGE on SDG 5organized with the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA), UN Women and other partners, took place virtually from 27 to 28 April 2022. summary of the meeting notes that the COVID-19 pandemic has disproportionately affected women and girls, with direct and indirect impacts on their health and well-being. It highlights data gaps for measuring progress on SDG 5 and the gender aspects of the other goals. Among the recommended policies and actions, the summary mentions:
- Invest in the care economy and gender-sensitive health and social protection systems, including sexual and reproductive health and rights;
- Integrate a gender perspective in the development of technologies and infrastructures;
- Redefine and reform national and international financing for gender equality and promote equal access to economic resources and inclusive and fair trade;
- Support gender-sensitive approaches and women’s leadership in decision-making in protecting natural resources and biodiversity and promoting climate resilience; and
- Accelerate efforts to prevent and eliminate violence against women and girls and harmful practices, including through emergency response plans.
The AGE on SDG 15, organized with the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP), the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), the United Nations Forum on Forests (UNFF) and the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), meeting in virtual format from 17-18 May 2022. Participants recognized that many of the global goals for protecting life on Earth and for halting land and ocean degradation are “going in the wrong direction including those on species extinction, forests, lands and ecosystems. They recognized the need to “reimagine the relationship between people and nature”, reconfirmed by the COVID-19 pandemic, and called for progress on SDG 15 to “move from incremental to transformative change. , with multi-sector and multi-stakeholder collaboration”. To maximize synergies, mitigate trade-offs and drive such transformation, the EGM recommended, among other policies and actions:
- Transform global food systems, by promoting systems thinking, using integrated land use plans, tackling perverse subsidies, revitalizing indigenous and local food systems and developing inclusive stakeholder processes;
- Promote the One Health approach;
- Address the root causes of biodiversity loss, through integrated actions across land use, forest management, climate action, health systems, fisheries and oceans management, and development urban ;
- Valuing our natural capital, in particular by closing financing gaps; and
- Fight against corruption and strengthening of legal frameworks.
Some of the key enablers highlighted by participants include equitable access to scientific and technical data and knowledge, stable funding, transparency, quality education, capacity building, nature-based policies and political will. long-term. A summary of the EGM discussions on SDG 15 will be made available here.
The AGE on SDG 14convened by DESA with partners, was held virtually May 10-11, 2022. Meet provided an update on the status of SDG 14 targets and means of implementation, including “re-energizing the momentum” at the UN Ocean Conference and beyond, and discussed next steps in support of a “blue recovery”. Participants acknowledged progress, as evidenced by the increase in the number of marine protected areas (MPAs) around the world and increased attention to the ocean-climate nexus, marine plastic pollution and overfishing, but noted that none of the SDG 14 targets have been met. The EGM highlighted the intensification of multiple pressures driving the decline in ocean health, including climate change, unsustainable fishing, introduction of invasive species, acidification and eutrophication, and plastic pollution. He reviewed gaps in ocean science and discussed the impacts of COVID-19 on ocean health and coastal communities. Recommended solutions include green technologies, innovative financing mechanisms and innovative uses of marine resources to address threats to ocean health, ecology, economy and governance from acidification, marine litter and pollution, illegal, unreported and unregulated (IUU) fishing, and loss of habitats and biodiversity.
The 2022 session of the HLPF will convene under the auspices of the United Nations Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) under the theme “Building back better after coronavirus disease (COVID-19) while advancing the full implementation of the sustainable development by 2030”. .’ The meeting will take place from July 5-15, 2022 at the United Nations Headquarters in New York, USA. [Expert Group Meetings on 2022 HLPF Thematic Review] [SDG Knowledge Hub Sources]